Choosing the right male for breeding is a necessary and important step. We need to avoid consanguinity, so know more about the breeding dog and its genealogy. We should keep an eye on healthy physical appearance of the male and smaller size male compared to the female is more preferred. We should keep in mind that the dog’s moral behavior is not inherited from generation to generation.
Technical accomplishment of the mounting of dogs
Both male and female need to be healthy and there is no suspicious fluid secretion. It would be better if we can go to the vet the night before so that we can rule out any infection in the canines.
Next step is cleaning the genitals with disinfectants. Start from inside to outside.
If the canines are not young, they will find their best way to mate on their own. If it is not taking place, you can help them to start.
We can go with artificial insemination if the female is not accepting the male. This way, we can control the reproduction phase perfectly. For dog breeders who are into selling specific healthy dog varieties, this is the ultimate option. It can be done under the supervision of a vet. Fresh or frozen semen is injected into the uterus of the female through vagina. This takes place twice with an interval of 48 hours during the optimal period of heat.
Nowadays, there are dog sperm banks that are working with an objective of collection of sperm of healthy genetically good, disease-free dogs. If you want to to have one of these frozen sperms, you need to contact the owner of that particular dog, take consent and collect the sperm.
Gestational period varies between 56 and 70 days. If you want to know how many puppies are going to be delivered by your dog, you can take the route of x-ray or ultrasound. It will be the easy and fast way to know the gestation. Ultrasound can be used since day 21 and x-rays take more time, around 45 days to discover the pregnancy.
Female’s nourishment during gestation
In the last third of generation, mother’s necessities will increase as the fetus will be growing more faster. At the end of gestation, the female’s weight will increase up to 15 to 20% and it spends more time resting/sleeping. During the last 15 days of gestation, supplements must be given with food to have healthier puppies.
Starting from 5th week, increase the food portion to 10% each week as the fetuses’ water and protein need will increase as the days go on. At the end of its gestational period, protein need increased to up to 4 times higher than normal and they must be replenished with eggs, liver and dairy products. Mineral content also should need to be taken care of.
The gestating female must be cleared of parasites and this need to be carried at the the beginning of heat and then 3 weeks before the labor. Vaccination should be given right before reproduction, so that mother can carry forward that to her puppies. Avoid vaccination during gestation.